Bed Bug Treatment Protocol
Step 1: Vacuum
After a thorough inspection and proper identification of pests and harboring areas, a specialized vacuum is used to remove bed bugs and bed bug debris. Vacuuming provides immediate removal of bed bugs that could potentially bite and feed before they die. Removal of shed skin casts and carcasses provides relief from asthma and allergy symptoms known to be associated with these pests. It's also extremely effective as bed bugs cannot develop resistance to a vacuum, as they have with most pesticides. This chemical free approach can be used in sensitive areas or as part of a chemical free protocol.
Step 2: Heat
Steam treating kills all stages of bed bugs, including eggs, upon contact. Commercial steamers capable of producing 260 degree "dry" steam at 50-90 psi are utilized to treat mattresses, couches, chairs, bed frames, box springs, baseboards, drawers, night stands and virtually any crack and crevice where bed bugs have been found to harbor. Steam penetrates most surfaces killing hidden bed bugs and eggs. The use of heat has been well documented as one of the most effective ways to eliminate bed bugs without the use of poisons. Steam can also be used in sensitive areas or as part of a chemical free protocol.
Step 3: Pesticide
Step 4: Desiccant
While bed bugs have become resistant to many pesticides, recent
advancements that include the combining of active ingredients and/or
addition of synergists have allowed pest professionals to achieve control
of these ever changing pests. Pesticides may be applied to areas around
baseboards, moldings and floorboards, bed frames, box springs, bed slats,
drawers, night stands and any other crack or crevice capable of harboring
bed bugs. Ecology Pest Control does not recommend applying pesticides
to mattresses or furniture surfaces that come into regular contact with
people or pets. Clients that wish for a safer, alternative treatment can be
accommodated by substituting synthetic pesticides with naturally derived essential oil pesticides or choose to use no pesticides at all.
Silica gels are white, fluffy, powders manufactured from silica. Silica comprises more than a quarter of the earth's crust in the form of sand, quartz, clay and other materials. Silica gel is also amorphous (non-crystalline), which greatly diminishes its potential hazard to humans. Silica gel kills bed bugs by removing a portion of the razor-thin, waxy outer coating that helps them conserve moisture. Silica gel functions like a sponge to absorb the cuticular waxes onto the particles. As a result, they desiccate and die from dehydration. Silica gel has low toxicity to mammals. The acute oral LD50 is comparable to table salt. The compound is routinely added to foods and pharmaceuticals to prevent clumping. With respect to inhalation hazard, an important distinction must be made between synthetically produced, non-crystalline silica gel and naturally occurring crystalline silica such as quartz dust. Inhaling tiny particles of crystalline silica as might occur during sandblasting or mining operations can cause silicosis and other chronic respiratory illnesses. This is not a concern with non-crystalline silica gel insecticides. Silica may be used in sensitive areas or as part of a chemical free protocol.